There are many names. The scientific – Sansevieria trifasciata (yellow border) or Sansevieria zeylanica (green burst), Sansevieria cylindrica (the cylindrical ). The religious – sword-of- saint -jorge , sword-of-saint-barbarian, sword-of-ogum (green) or sword-of-oxóssi (with yellow edges). The funny ones – mother-tongue, lizard-tail. The multiplicity of nicknames only shows how popular, common is Sansevieria . So much so that many people think it is a Brazilian plant. Come here, let me tell you: no, no! The sword-of-Saint-George is a plant of African origin! 🙂
Coming in the midst of slave ships, it has adapted very well to Brazil and has spread so much, but so much, that everyone has seen and known, but it is not even easy to find to buy. Easier to win changes.
But why is it fashionable? The reason is very simple: time is scarce, everyone wants a plant, few people want / can have more work. Space is also scarce: few people have gardens with ideal sun for more sensitive plants. The sword-of-saint-jorge is, as my great-grandmother would say, a strong “fall-man”, withstands everything. And so it is perfect for gardeners and beginners, as a first plant to have at home. Withstands a lot of sun or little sun, whatever. And it requires little water.
By the way, NASA used the plants on its space shuttles to improve the circulating air. Space shuttles, those ultra-modern, confined spaces. Decorated with Saint George swords. That’s right. Yes, the Sanseveres have already traveled to space.
The sword-of-saint-jorge deserves our respect for its history, for its resistance, beauty, and now we know that they favor well-slept nights.
We must not forget that because it contains saponins, sansevierias are toxic!
For humans the level of toxicity is low for those who eat, producing symptoms of short duration, such as pain in the mouth, salivation and some nausea. In rare cases, it can produce a skin reaction. For cats and dogs it can cause excessive salivation, pain, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. But it is not lethal, and those who eat 1x do not eat again.
But how to care for Sansevieria at home?
Light: at least some direct sunlight for several hours a day is better, but it is ok in low light since not total darkness.
Watering: like cacti, 1 to 3 times a week.
Soil: sandy is preferable, but ok with fertile soil.